This course introduces the understanding in the field of structural repair, assessment and rehabilitation on the following subject matters;

  • Structural Appraisal Procedure - Initial Appraisal, Desk-stop study, Exploratory Investigation, Principal Investigation, Analysis of  Data,.
  • Structural Damage Assessment - Conditions Assessment for Structures, Types and causes of structural distress and its significance, Corrosion mechanisms, Chemical Diagnostic and NDT methods for damage assessment and choice of the methods Structural Repair - Reasoning for repair, choice of repair materials, repair materials and procedure for structures.
  • Structural Strengthening - Strengthening methods and materials for concrete, steel and timber structures, novel strengthening materials and techniques, composites for strengthening, durability of the strengthened system. The state of art use of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) materials and its techniques for structural strengthening.

This course serves as a capstone design project for Civil Engineering students. It is a team design project applying engineering and project management principles for a multidisciplinary design which would involve an integration of nearly all aspects of Civil Engineering namely Environmental, Geotechnical, Water Supply, Structural, Transportation and Project Management, with the design process from conceptual/preliminary design to final design for construction purposes. It requires that each student demonstrate the ability to complete a significant engineering design using the knowledge gained as an undergraduate in the Civil Engineering program.


Students have to develop proposal for engineering design and organization of the design team, proposal for infrastructural work and civil work shall include earthwork, water supply and reticulation, sewerage system and reticulation, drainage system, selection and proportioning of structural systems, foundation design and cost estimates of the development. Given the scope of the task, success will hinge on the ability of the students to work independently on components of the overall design, yet be able to work cooperatively within a design team. 


The responsibility of preparing the complete and professional quality deliverables of the project in accordance with the required timetable rests entirely with the design teams and individual students themselves. Students are expected to consult with lecturers in the Department, practicing engineers and local authorities. The assigned design teams will prepare a final report and will present this report to a committee, which may comprise of members from the Department and Industry. Report should document and discuss the project development, civil and structural design with an emphasis on the technical and cost aspects of the project, including preparation of tender documents. The lecturers/instructors’ responsibilities are to organize and administer the course, evaluate student progress and provide guidance on technical issues that may arise during pursuit of the project.

Introduction to steel structures, basis of structural design, limit state design principles, design standards, general steel sections. Design of members subjected to bending, tension members, compression members, beams under combined axial load and moments, design of column bases, design of connections, design aspects of continuous construction, elastic and plastic analyses.

1. Develop an understanding the behaviour of steel structures.
2. Acquire basic skills of design of steel structures.
3. Be able to use the structural steel design standards.